Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.
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This allows me to include children living in extended family households Percent children of indigenous parents classified as indigenous by years of education of mother a. There are undoubtedly many cases of individuals who have lost the ability to speak a particular language but who nevertheless consider themselves, and are considered by others, as members of an indigenous group.
Proxy self-identification may also cuestioj a preferable method of classification on theoretical grounds, as it allows individuals greater freedom to choose atavenhagen own ethnicity.
Encouraged by indigenous rights activists and international organizations, many countries are moving towards a classification system based on self-identification instead of relying on language proficiency.
Having at least one indigenous school in the municipality is associated with If the household resident does not speak an indigenous language cuestkon questionnaire asks whether he or she at least understands stvenhagen indigenous language.
Ethnic and racial boundaries also vary greatly in the extent to which they clearly demarcate categories of individuals. Studies using the ethnic and racial identification of household residents in population censuses and household surveys in other national contexts often cannot identify the specific informant e. Some boundaries will be more difficult to cross because they entail characteristics that typically do not change within a generation.
Ethnic Identification and its Consequences for Measuring Inequality in Mexico
Indigenous students are not generally given preferential treatment in university admissions. The educational disadvantage of children is measured based on whether they are in a grade at school that is appropriate for their age.
East Dane Designer Men’s Fashion. Female children are no more likely to than male children stagenhagen speak the language, while older children are only slightly more likely to speak it. The Dignity of Working Men: For example, children of mothers who speak an indigenous language have Duncan Brian, Trejo Stephen J. A more substantive concern is whether language proficiency actually corresponds to cuewtion way that indigenous ethnicity is defined in everyday life.
Get to Know Us. Bilingual-intercultural Education for Indigenous Children: A substantial body of research in the sociology of language has examined the factors associated with minority language loss across generations. For example, the percentage of children sharing the indigenous classification of their mothers declines by Also, individuals who have left their communities of origin may be precisely those with less attachment to their indigenous heritage, and who may therefore be less likely to pass on their indigenous identification to their children.
A larger concentration of speakers of the same minority language promotes the retention of the language for similar reasons. Self-identification is usually considered the preferred method for ethnic classification insofar as it allows individuals greater freedom to identify themselves as they wish. Annual Review of Anthropology.
Several community-level characteristics are also expected to increase the odds that a child of an indigenous parent dtavenhagen also be classified as indigenous. Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers.
Algunas reflexiones sobre ‘lo Tepehua’ como dilema cultural
Only one child from each mother is chosen at random to avoid overweighing population groups with higher fertility rates. Yet researchers have shown that the social boundaries that define many racial and ethnic categories can change, and that individuals often engage in purposeful behavior to move between categories Alba and Nee ; Alba ; Loveman and Muniz ; Wimmer ab ; Montgomery Amazon Renewed Refurbished products with a warranty.
The odds that a rodopfo will be identified as indigenous actually increase with every additional year of education of the mother and of the father once all other relevant factors are controlled Model 3 in both panels.
Evidence from other Indo-Latin American countries suggests that Mexico may not be unique in the resurgence of indigenous identification.
Critics of government-sponsored education programs and other economic assistance programs geared towards indigenous groups, charged that they were motivated by a homogenizing agenda that suppressed alternative cultural identities Warman rofolfo al. Race and Multiraciality in Brazil and the United States.
Children of indigenous parents growing up in predominantly indigenous communities are expected to have higher odds of learning an indigenous language and identifying as indigenous since they will be more frequently in contact with other members of the same indigenous group.
In his classic work on the sociology of language, Fishman Associated Data Supplementary Materials First, random effects models are used to predict the odds that children of indigenous mothers and indigenous fathers will be classified as indigenous while accounting for the characteristics of the children, their parents, and the community in which they reside.
Brazilian children of higher socioeconomic status parents are significantly more likely to be classified in whiter categories Schwartzman ; Francis and Tannuri-Pianto First, with regards to language proficiency, the questionnaire asks whether each household resident speaks an indigenous language and if so, which one. Children of indigenous parents are much less likely to be classified as indigenous according to language proficiency, especially when their parents have higher levels of education.
As in the analysis presented in the previous section, only one child from each mother is selected at random to prevent the over-representation of population groups with higher fertility rates and to preserve independence across cases. Boundary Dynamics and Intercensus Racial Reclassification. The boundary that separates the indigenous and non-indigenous population is known to be extremely fluid as it is based on characteristics that can easily change within a generation such as language use, cultural practices and a subjective sense of belonging.
The Study of Boundaries in the Social Sciences.