The Sanskrit word hamsa “means any kind of goose or duck”, tells Frederick Pargiter. The Hamsa Upanishad contains assertions about and around the. Introduction: This Upanishad talks about the famous Sanskrit term “Hamsa”. This Upanishad is part of the Sukla Yajur Veda. The Upanishad: Om! That (world) is. The technique of hamsa dhyana belongs to Vedanta yoga. There is a whole Upanishad devoted to the theory and concept of this meditative practice. The name.

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Hamsa Upanishad of Shukla-Yajurveda

The Hamsa Upanishad Sanskrit: It is classified as one of the twenty Yoga Upanishadsand attached to the Shukla Yajurveda. The Hamsa Upanishad is structured as a disorganized medley of ideas, in the form of a discourse between Hindu sage Gautama and the divine Sanatkumaraon the knowledge of Hamsa-vidya as a prelude to Brahmavidya.

Several versions of the Hamsa Upanishad exist, of which the Calcutta and Poona editions have been most studied. The text is listed at number 15 in the serial hamea of the Muktika enumerated by Rama to Hanuman in the modern era anthology of Upanishads.

According to Paul DeussenHamsa in Indian tradition upanishd refer to the migrating “goose, swan or flamingo”, and symbolizes the “migrating soul” or reincarnating soul. The word Hamsa as a symbolism for Atman and moksha appears in numerous ancient texts of Hinduism. Vogel suggested inthat Hamsa in Hindu texts could be symbolism for goose, rather than swan. The text title likely refers to it being hamsaa treatise for individual soul, seeking the highest soul Paramahamsa.


The text opens with Gautama asking Sanatkumara to distill the knowledge of all Vedas for him. Sanatkumara states that Shiva pondered over the Vedas and answered the same question from Parvati. Sanatkumara states this knowledge is meant for those Yoga students who are self-restrainedhave abandoned craving for the worldly pleasures and are devoted to learning from a Guru teacher.

Breath is sound, states the text, and one that stays in all human bodies all their life, filling them with energy. At our birth it enters into us, the migratory bird! Hamsa, states Jean Varenne, is the symbolism for Atman soul.

Chapter 3 of the text describes a tantra process to energize the chakras. Thus must the Yogin begin meditating, “The three matras Om, Brahman is me”.

Hamsa must be meditated upon, states chapter 6 hsmsa the Upanishad, in the eight petal a lotus flower in the heart. This Hamsa is that Paramahamsa the highest soulstates chapter 7, that pervades the universe and shines like ten million suns. Each petal of the lotus, which a yogi meditates on, is then mapped to actions of the yogi, in chapter 8 of the text.

Hamsa Upanishad of Shukla-Yajurveda

The center of the lotus flower, asserts the text, represents renunciation. The Turya state is reached, states the Upanishad, when the Hamsa within is merged in the reverberation of the Om, not because of Upankshad mindbut because of the will of the Hamsa soul. There are ten stages of “inner nada” which are heard successively as sounds; first “chini”, then “chini-chini”, third a bellfourth a ” conch ” or Shankha Sea shellfifth of a “tantiri” lute, string instrumentsixth like clapping, seventh of a fluteeighth is the music of a “bheri” a drumninth of ” mridangam ” with double sides, kettle drumand tenth like a “thunder” sound of lightning.


One must avoid the first nine, states the text, and upznishad the tenth music because it relates to Hamsa. It is in tenth state where the yogi realizes Upanisnad, his Atman and Brahman become one, [24] the duality vanishes.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Hamsa The text discusses meditating on Om and one’s soul in several chapters. Milford, Oxford university press, p. Rigveda Yajurveda Samaveda Atharvaveda. Samhita Brahmana Aranyaka Upanishad. Ayurveda Dhanurveda Natya Shastra Sthapatyaveda. Retrieved from ” https: Upanishads Sanskrit texts Yoga texts and documentation.

Articles containing Sanskrit-language text CS1 Sanskrit-language sources sa.

Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 4 Mayat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The text discusses meditating on Om and one’s soul in several chapters.